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African Grey Parrot

African Grey Parrot
origin:South America
life expectancy:50 years
scientific name:Psittacus erithacus
family:Psittacidae
dimensions:32 to 35 cm
compatibility: goodsinging ability: not very melodiousloudiness: loud
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History [ edit ]

This is one of the best known African Parrots. Their talent to mimic the human voice brought them huge popularity. Originally from West and Central Africa, these birds are adapted to the life in rainforest, forest edges and clearings. The African Greys live in large flocks of hundreds of specimens. Although they are able to fly, these parrots are more avid adepts of climbing. They can be mostly found in Africa, but due to their popularity they are spread worldwide as pets and were even introduced in other rainforest outside this continent.
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Temperament [ edit ]

African Grey Parrots are very intelligent, sensitive, loving creatures known for their ability to mimic speech. They hold the title of best mimics, although their shy temperament isn´t much given to exhibition. The only rivals in this matter are the Mynahs, which aren´t as cautious with strangers. They tend to bond with one person. Due to their long lifespan, 50 years or more if well nurtured, this is a life companion pet.

They need lots of stimulation and tend to be easily bored. Pay attention to any signs of loneliness, since these birds are prone to feather picking.

Unlike other parrots, the African Grey is a relatively quiet bird that won’t upset your neighbors.  
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Description [ edit ]

The African Grey is a medium sized parrot, mostly grey, as the name indicates, except for the short scarlet tail and a whiter region around the eye. The eyes are yellow in adult birds and dark in youngsters. Visually sexing the birds is almost impossible and for breeding purposes are advisable DNA tests. 
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Diet [ edit ]

A quality parrot mix plus commercial pellets, a small daily amount of fruits and vegetables will keep your parrot healthy. Nuts make a good treat.  
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Housing [ edit ]

There’s no such thing as a “too big” cage for this parrots. They need space and the minimum cage should measure 80 cm x 80 cm x 80 cm. However in this case, the parrot should be taken outside the cage frequently and the cage should only be used for resting purposes. A good cage would probably have 120 cm x 100 cm x 120 cm. But even in this case, it´s advisable to let the African Greys leave the cage for a while.

The cage should have horizontal bars, since they enjoy climbing, which they do in their natural environment to collect fruit. It should have perches as well as toys, which are very important to prevent boredom which can cause self mutilation behaviors.

The cage should receive natural light but it shouldn´t be near windows. Drafts are bad for this bird’s health.  
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Health [ edit ]

The African Grey is a sensitive bird that may have health problems related to bad diets and loneliness. Any change on the behavior of these birds or in the feathers configuration could be a sign of sickness. 
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Subspecies [ edit ]

There are two recognized variations of the African Grey:

  • Congo African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) – Found in the West-central part of Africa, this bird is the most common kept as pet. They are larger and have light grey feathers, bright red tails and black bills.
  • Timneh African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus timneh) – Smaller, with darker plumage on the back, a maroon tail and a pinkish tonality in the upper part of the bill, this African Grey is said to be more relaxed than is cousin.
There is some controversy about the classification of the Psittacus erithacus princeps. Some defend that this darker and smaller variety can be found in Gulf of Guinea, but it is still waiting for recognition. It is also claimed the status of sub specie for the Big Silvers due to their lighter grey shading and bigger size.  
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Comments (1)add comment
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02.05
hamza said:
is this bird really 50 years old i heard the only live from 15 to 20 years