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American Cocker Spaniel

Sweet, happy and trusting breed (other names: Cocker Spaniel)

American Cocker Spaniel
origin:EUA
life expectancy:12-15 years
classification:Gun dog
height:36 to 39 cm
weight:11 to 13 kg
exercise: Demandingtraining: Reasonablegrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Undemandingsize: Small
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History [ edit ]

The American Cocker Spaniel evolved in the United States from careful breeding of English Cocker Spaniels which, according to the legend arrived in the USA with the Mayflower in 1620. This breed is smaller that the English Cocker Spaniel and has a different head-shape and coat. It was established as a separate breed around 1930. It is by far the most popular of all breeds developped in North America.The Spaniel family is a large one which vestiges go back the 14th century and that gave origin to the water and land spaniels families these having sub-divisions according to their size.The Cockers were the smallest of the Spaniels (water and land) and still are the smallest in the sporting group.The name cocker comes from the dogs incredibly past proficiency on woodcock flushing. Originally a gun dog, nowadays the Cocker is mainly  a family pet or show dog but it can be used for tracking, watchdogging, and agility.

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General Appearance [ edit ]

The beautiful American Cocker Spaniel is a cheerful, charming little dog that, despite the enormous length of its ears and coat, is capable of considerable speed. The body is sturdy and compact with a deep chest, broad enough to give adequate space to lung and heart (great endurance) while allowing the straightforward movement of the forelegs. The ribs are deep and well sprung. The topline slops slightly toward muscular quarters and the back,much shorter than that of an English Cocker,  is strong and sloping evenly and slightly downward. The rounded, refined head, on a muscular neck that is sufficiently long to allow the nose to reach the ground easily, is chiseled with an abrupt stop and clearly defined eyebrows. The expression is intelligent, soft, alert and appealing, capable of melting any master´s heart. The muzzle is wide, deep and broad. The upper lip hangs down, covering the lower jaw completely and giving it a square, even appearance. The nose with well developed nostrils, is always black on black dogs, black and tans, and black and whites, but may be brown on others. The ears are very long, hanging of fine leather, well feathered and are set level with the eyes.Large, almond-shaped, dark, expressive eyes, with an intelligent, soft, alert and appealing expression, capable of melting any master´s heart. The tail is docked  and set on and carried on a line with the topline of the back, or slightly higher;The coat is flowing, long (shorter in the head), silky and profuse, flat or slightly wavy, with enough undercoating to give protection. The dense, fine hair requires daily grooming.The coat comes in a range of colours that vary from buff, chocolate, black, red and sable or parti-color (which can be any of the above colors and white) and tricolour.
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Temperament [ edit ]

The American Cocker Spaniel is a cheerful, sweet, happy and trusting breed, bold and keen to work. This handsome fellow loves to please and is a quick learner and very easy to train. However, it is a very sensitive dog that does not do well with rough training. The American Cocker Spaniels are devoted to their family and playful, happy tail-waggers that make excellent companions to children. They also get along well with other household pets. They like barking and may be somewhat difficult to housebreak. They must be socialized and trained from an early age to avoid some behavioral problems such us submissive urination and aggressive guarding of objects and their family. All considered, the American Cocker Spaniels make excellent companion animals and deservely attract a large following.
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Health [ edit ]

American Cocker Spaniels are prone to a variety of maladies, the major concerns being  particularly ear infections cataracts, glaucoma and patellar luxation.  Less common are  hip dysplasia and and   hemolytic anemia.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

The American Cocker Spaniel is one of the most popular breeds developped in the USA.
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