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American Curl

Elegant and affable!

American Curl
origin:USA
weight:3 to 5 kg
size: Mediumfur type: medium
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History [ edit ]

The American Curl Cat is a very recent breed, the discovery of the first cat dating back to June, 1981, in Lakewood, California. The most unique attribute of this breed is its distinctly curled ears. The discovery is due to a young couple (Grace and Joe Ruga) who found two stray female cats at their doorstep which ears strangely curled upward and backward. One of the cats was accidentally injured and ran away but the other returned and was reared by the Rugas. The cat was named “Shulamith” an Hebrew word that translates "black but comely". Shulamith gave birth to a litter of four kittens. Out of the four kittens, two had the same curly ears as their mother. A geneticist who studied the problem of the ear-curling concluded that it was due to a spontaneous mutation, a serendipitous genetic accident, and that the gene responsible for the trait was autosomal dominant. This means that any cat with even one copy of the gene will display the genetic trait. This genetic mutation has no deformities attached to it. A beeding programme was subsequently established, according to which Curls were bred only to other Curls or to their straight-ear relatives to perpetuate the breed standard. 25 years after the fortunate discovery all true American Curls must trace their pedigree back to Shulamith, the foundation matriarch. American Curl kittens are born with ears that look completely normal, their ears beginning to curl when the kittens are about ten days old. It takes about four months for the ears to develop their final shape.
editing: History [ close ]
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