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American Wirehair

A natural athlete...

American Wirehair
origin:USA
weight:3 to 7 kg
size: Mediumfur type: short
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History [ edit ]

The American Wirehair is a breed of domestic cat that originated in New York as a result of a natural genetic mutation that ocurred in a cat born to a litter of two farm random-bred cats in 1966. This mutation, caused by a dominant gene, makes every hair crimped and springy, including the whiskers. The cat with the mutation, which was called Adam, was bred to its sister, a normal female, producing more wirehaired kittens. At some time during the breeding programme breeders thought it advisable to outcross the wirehaired cats to avoid congenital deseases as much as possible. The breed closer in type to the wirehaired was the American Shorthair which occasionally (not every generation) is crossed with the American Wirehair to keep this breed healthy and hardy. However and contrary to what happens with the American Curl cat, which mutation was caused by an autosomal dominant gene (only one copy of the gene is necessary for the trait to be expressed) the mutation in the American Wirehair was caused by an incomplete dominant gene (a recessive gene appears within the phenotype of the organism, causing a blend in between both the dominant and recessive gene). This means that even when breeding wire-to-wire, approximately only half of a litter are wirehaired kittens. So far, this mutation has not been reported anywhere outside the USA and all wirehairs can trace their ancestry back to Adam.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The American Wirehair is a medium to large-sized, strong and muscular cat that has a coarse, wiry coat, which crimped hair coils even on the whiskers. It is its unique coat that makes the Wirehair different from any other cat breed. Due to the occasional outcrossing with the American Shorthair cat, the body type of these two breeds became very similar although the Wirehair has a slightly more rounded head and prominent cheekbones. The body is well-boned, well-rounded but not cobby, with well-developed muscles and slightly longer than it is tall, showing good depth of chest. The back is level. Males are larger than the females. The legs are medium in length and boning, well-muscled and proportionate to body. The paws are rounded and compact, with five toes in front and four behind. The head is round, in proportion to the body, with prominent cheekbones and carried on a medium short, strong neck. The muzzle is pronounced, with a slight whisker break and the chin is firm and well-developed. The eyes are large, round, widely-spaced, bright and clear, with a slight upward tilt. The eye colour relates to coat color. The slightly round-tipped ears are medium, set wide apart and slightly off the top of the head. The tail is in proportion to the body, neither blunt nor pointed, tapering to the tip. The coat is springy, dense, resilient, harsh, and wiry with short-to-medium hair that is thin and crimped, or hooked, including hair within the ears. American Wirehairs come in a variety of colors and patterns.
editing: General Appearance [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

American Wirehair cats are natural athletes, extremely active and agile, very inquisitive, showing a keen interest in their surroundings. Despite their quiet, reserved manners, they are intelligent and affectionate, extremely "people-oriented”, friendly and gentle with strangers. This breed is not vocal but it can be a bit authoritarian and demanding at times, always finding a way to make its owners aware of its needs.  American Wirehairs get along well with children and other animals, including dogs. They are  very playful and can create a toy from almost anything if they do not have toys available, which they should. Sweet and loving, and with a sociable nature, the Wirehair makes an ultimate family companion.
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Variants [ edit ]

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Health [ edit ]

American Wirehairs are a fairly healthy breed with few major health problems
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Cat Trivia [ edit ]

American Wirehair’s coat can feel extremely silky when stroked in one direction and hard-edged as steel when stroked in the opposite.
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