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Birman

An exotic beauty... (other names: Sacred Cat of Burma, Sacred Birman)

Birman
origin:Burma or Thailand
weight:4 to 8 kg
size: Medium-Largefur type: long
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History [ edit ]

The Birman, also known as the Sacred Cat of Burma or Sacred Birman is a relatively ancient breed of domestic cat, which origin is involved in mystery. It is believed that it originated in Burma where it was considered sacred and was the companion cat of the Kittah priests. However, there is ancient documented evidence that similar cats existed in Thailand. How this breed first appeared in Europe is also subject to controversy, but it is more or less accepted that a pair of Birman cats was sent to France by the beginning of the 20th century (probably around 1919). The male did not survive the voyage but the female, called Sita, not only survived but was pregnant. Sita and its litter were the foundation cats of the breed in the Western World. However, The Birmans suffered a major setback during the WW II. After the war there was, once again, only a single surviving pair which offspring had to be outcrossed, mainly with Siamese and Persian cats, for several years to rebuild the Birman breed. By 1950 pure litters were produced again and since then Birmans have been spreading around the world.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Birman, is a large, long, stocky, semi-long haired cat, well-balanced and strikingly beautiful, with  a round face, roman nose deep china-blue to sapphire-blue eyes, and a pale coloured body, dark face, ears, tail and legs and pure white "gloves" on its paws. Females are noticeable smaller than males.The body is elongated, strongly built and stocky, neither svelte nor cobby, with a level back. The legs are medium in length, heavily-boned and well- muscled with firm, large and round paws, which have five toes in front and four behind.The head is strong and broad,  rounded from frontal view and slightly longer than wide in profile.The muzzle is medium-length and slightly rounded and the  cheeks are full. The chin is strong and well-developed. The nose is Roman-shaped (slightly convex), medium-length and has low-set nostrils.The eyes, medium to large, moderately rounded,  deep-blue in colour, are well set apart and have a sweet expression. The ears have a slightly rounded tip, are medium in length, almost as wide at the base as they are tall and placed moderately wide apart.The tail is  medium in length, firm and strong and in proportion to the body. The coat is medium long to long, with so silky hair that doesn’t mat and a  heavy ruff around the neck. Birmans come in a variety of colours with dark points (face, legs and tail) and pure white gloves.
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Temperament [ edit ]

Birmans are very intelligent and have a balanced, quiet temperament. They are active (more active than Persians but less active and demanding than the Siamese) and very curious, taking a genuine interest in what their owners are doing. They are playful, but can also be quiet when their owners show they cannot play with them. They are very social, affectionate and faithful, bonding to their families quite stronglyvand are also good with children. Birmans have soft voices and sometimes they can give gentle love bites, to remind their owners’s that they are waiting for food or need attention. They are happier with a backyard with a tree to climb, but they adapt very well to living inside the house and are ideal for apartments and smaller houses if given a good cat scratching post. Generally they do not climb curtains and are less destructive than most breeds. Birmans have been bred as companions for many generations and fit easily into most lifestyles. They are thouroughly loveable fellows.
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Variants [ edit ]

Existem algumas variantes desta raça, no entanto não existe grande consenso relativamente à descrição pormenorizada de cada variante.
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Health [ edit ]

 

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Cat Trivia [ edit ]

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