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Budgerigar

 (other names: Budgie, Parakeet)

Budgerigar
origin:Australia
life expectancy:6 to 8 years
scientific name:Melopsittacus erithacus
family:Psittacidae
dimensions:18 to 20 cm
compatibility: goodsinging ability: goodloudiness: very loud
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History [ edit ]

It is believed that budgies are the most common pet bird in the world. Since their introduction in Europe, around mid 1800s, the Budgerigar became immediately popular. The range of colors, their friendliness and their ability to mimic the human voice were the traits that lead to massive breeding.
editing: History [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

Budgies are very social birds and need a lot of attention. If you think you don´t have enough time for them, think about getting another bird to keep him company. They are very playful and easy to train.

Both male and female are able to mimic the human voice. The call of the hen is different from the chock, being a little bit harsher. Budgies aren´t timid and are always ready to perform. Their calls aren’t as loud as other larger parrots, and won’t upset the neighbors.  
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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General appearance [ edit ]

The possibilities are infinite when it comes to budgies´ colors. There are hundreds different combinations, which makes them very popular pets. Budgerigars are in fact most of the times bred by their color.

The most common color in the wild is the green and yellow. Hens have brown cere above the bill, unlike males that display a purplish color.

The budgies are a small parrot, which explains their ability to mimic the human voice. 
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Colors and Shapes [ edit ]

Green Budgerigar – The wild form has light green breast, yellow head and shades of black in the wings. Later, a dark factor was introduced in France.

Crested – The crest in Budgerigars can be mixed with all the colors. Originally created in Australia, the crests have nowadays many types: tufted or cockatiel, full circular and half circular. The tufted is the most common type of crest and the full circular is most desired by the breeders.

Lutino Budgerigar – Even yellow color throughout the body. The albinos look like the Lutinos, but their plumage is white. In both cases, the lack black pigment makes their eyes red and feet pink.

Blue mutation – The breast is sky blue, the head is usually white but it also can be yellow. The marks on the wings and tail are grey. The dark factor was also introduced as cobalt blue and mauve. The violet with the yellow head is one of the most demanded budgies but it is one of the most difficult to get.

Pied – The pattern of the Pieds, created in Scandinavia, can vary however, the colors seem to be yellow and green or white and blue. These are also pied violet budgies, one of the most appreciated by breeders.

Opaline mutation – This factor doens´t refer to the color of the bird but to the intensity of the markings. The Budgerigars have the zebra stripes of the head and neck less market and the overall color may be lighter.

Spangle mutation – The spangle budgies are one of the most recent mutations created in Australia. These birds don´t have the usual darker markings on the wings, but the colors remain the same. In the throat the usual marking have paler centers.

Grey mutation – There are two forms of grey factor: the dominant and the recessive. The budgie feet are grayish and his plumage is grey with darker markings. The head is white. 
editing: Colors and Shapes [ close ]
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Housing [ edit ]

Budgerigars are hardy birds but they do need protection from the rain and the midday sun. They are sociable birds that enjoy each others company. They need a cage roomy enough so they can fly. They also like to chew, so be sure you have a sturdy aviary.
Budgerigars like to climb and explore, so give them horizontal bars and check every corner of the aviary to prevent them to escape. It’s not uncommon for them to learn how to open the door. Make sure you have a secure latch.

Accessorize the cage with lots of perches and toys.

A good sized aviary should have 2 meters in length to allow the bird to exercise properly. However 50 cm in length x 30 cm deep x 80 cm high could be considered the minimum size of a cage.

Budgerigars are social birds, but even with others of their kind it is required an “introduction period” in different cages but close to each other. 
editing: Housing [ close ]
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Diet [ edit ]

These birds are easy to feed and economical as well. There are seed mixes in pet stores appropriate for Budgerigars. You can add small amounts of greenfood given regularly. Green apple can be a good treat.
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Health [ edit ]

The major concern in Budgerigars is plucking its own feathers, which is the result of loneliness. Toys and company reduce the stress.

Because of their fast metabolism, which means diseases can kill rapidly, any change of the budgie behavior should be followed closely.  
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21.10
Dogfan22 said:
i am getting one of theses guys for my brithday :)