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Cardinal

A quiet companion...

Cardinal
origin:North and Central America
scientific name:Cardinalis cardinalis
family:Cardinalidae
dimensions:19 to 23 cm
compatibility: agressivesinging ability: good
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History [ edit ]

On contrary to many birds, Cardinals have benefit from the growth of cities. The city parks and the presence of feeders are responsible for the development of this bird. Its numbers have been growing since the eighteenth century. This is a very popular bird in the United Stated of America, where he is the official bird of seven states. However, in California, this bird is actually endangered in the wild.
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Temperament [ edit ]

The male cardinal is very territorial and protects his breeding space from any male that comes his way. If put in front of a mirror, the male cardinal will spend hours trying to expel his reflected image that he perceives as an intruder.

The Cardinals don´t migrate and practically life their lives within one or two kms radius of where they were born.

Both male and female sing all year and it is though that females sing from the nest to inform the male when to bring food. The pair shares some melodic phrases but the female has a more elaborate song, which is unusual in singing birds. The melody is pleasant and it resembles a whistle, but sometimes they make more mechanical “clinks”. They don´t seem to need a lot of sleep and is you hear a bird singing just before the sunrise, it might well be a Cardinal.  
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General appearance [ edit ]

The Cardinals are medium-sized singing birds characterized by a crest, a black mask on the face and a short cone-shaped bill. They are known for their vivid red, however only the male presents itself in bright colors. The female has grayish shades through her body with dull red wings and tail.
 
The young birds are similar to females but rather then orangey or reddish bills they have black or grey ones. 
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Housing [ edit ]

Cardinals can be found near bird feeders. If you want to get the chance of observing birds install one of these in your yard. If you want them to stay, provide lots of shelter, since they don´t stay in the same nest twice. They build their own nests so give them several material options to do so.
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Diet [ edit ]

The Cardinal is a seed-eater with a strong bill. He also likes fruits - small berries - and insects.
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Subspecies [ edit ]

There are about 18 variations of northern cardinals, mostly distinguished by their colors. However the Cardinalidae family has many other species. 
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