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Miniature Schnauzer

Elegant and sweet! (other names: Mini Schnauzer, Zwergschnauzer)

Miniature Schnauzer
origin:Germany
date origin:19th century
life expectancy:14 years
classification:Terrier
height:30 to 35 cm
weight:6 to 8 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Reasonableclimate: Coldgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Undemandingsize: Small-Medium
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History [ edit ]

The Schnauzer dates back from the 15th century, but the first record of a miniature version only appears in 1879. Being a Germany breed, the Schnauzer was named after it´s more distinctive feature: his bearded snout (schnauze means muzzle). There are three types of Schnauzers: Giant, Standard and Miniature, this one being the most recent one.

It´s believed that the smaller version was created by crossing the Standard Schnauzer, the Affenpinscher and other small breeds, possibly the Miniature Pinscher. Not that consensual is the presence of Poodle in his bloodline.

The Schnauzer was bred to hunt small animals, particularly rats. However, he didn’t have a long career as a ratter, since that right from the start, breeders saw the show potential in the Miniature Schnauzer, and few years later after the birth of the breed, the Schnauzer was already being exhibited in show competitions. The first one occurred in 1899, already as a separate breed.

Today, the Miniature Schnauzer is one of the most popular breeds around the world and it´s primarily used as a companion dog.
editing: History [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Miniature Schnauzer is a lively dog, active and intelligent. Sometimes they can be stubborn which does make the training a little more difficult, but in general, they are fairly easy to train.

The Mini gets along well with children, but not toddlers, as well with other animals, as long, properly socialized. They can be a bit suspicious of strangers, while the owners don´t welcome them. They are good watchdogs, since they are very alert and like to bark, although this tendency it less present then in other Terriers.

The Miniature Schnauzer is the most popular of the three Schnauzer breeds, as it´s said that is the one with the best temperament. It combines the playfulness and the energy of the Terrier and it is also one the most sociable breeds from that group. However, as a Terrier, it still maintains the typical courage and is fearless enough to tease other breeds, regardless of the size.

They are very affectionate and love their family, yet they are quite independent and don´t mind much being left by themselves during the day. However, they expect to be rewarded after with lots of attention.

This dog is an excellent pet that will live happily in an apartment. However they love to play and need to engage in any activity with their family frequently. They like to run free and explore.
 
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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General appearance [ edit ]

The Miniature Schnauzer is a small and robust dog, weighting 6 to 7 Kg and with a height of 30 to 36 cm, and it looks like perfect copy of the Standard Schnauzer (with smaller proportions).

With a very stylish coat, the Schnauzer has long eyebrows, mustache and beard. The hair is hard and wiry and it shouldn’t be soft. The Schnauzer comes in many colors: salt and pepper, black and silver and solid black. There have been reports of white or brown coats, but these colors are considered a deviation from the breed´s standard.

The head of the Schnauzer almost seems to be too big for his rectangular-shaped body. The ears are a very distinctive trait of them: v-shaped, high-set and almost fully dropped.
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Health [ edit ]

The popularity of this breed didn´t turn out as positive as it would be expected for the Miniature Schnauzer. Indiscriminate breeding has led to many health problems in this dog. Still, the Mini can leave up to 14 years. Some of the most frequent diseases are: Schnauzer comedo syndrome (specific type of follicular dermatitis of this breed), Fatty Tumours, Adenomas, Cysts and diabetes. These last ones can be avoided with a proper diet.

Schnauzers have a tendency to gain weight easily, so don´t overfed them and don´t neglect the daily exercise.

The Schnauzer´s coat needs to be combed regularly. To achieve the look we are used to see in this breed, the hair needs to be trimmed by a professional every other month. As he doens´t shed, the trimming of the hair is crucial so that the coat doens´t mate.  
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