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Morgan

Born in the USA

Morgan
origin:United States of America
life expectancy:20 to 35 years
scientific name:E. caballus
family:Equidae
height:142 to 154 cm
Temperament: Warmbloodconservation: secureSaddleOlympic Games/Dressage/Show jumpingAgriculture/RanchHorse Racing
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History [ edit ]

The Morgan is an entire breed based on a single stud. His name was Figure, also known as Justin Morgan. Figure was an outstanding horse, light, but very strong. Weighting around 400 Kg, Figure was unbeatable at log-hauling matches, even when his opponents had twice his size.

The origins of Figure aren’t clear. He was born in 1789 and it is thought that his father was a Welsh Cob or a Thoroughbred and the mother probably had Arab blood. Figure became a terrific work horse: plowing, on a harness, but also as a saddle horse.

Figure started to enter and winning races and became known by “Justin Morgan’s horse”, one of his owners, a music teacher, even when he was no longer in his hands.

It is known that Figure died at the age of 32 and that he left three sons that would carry on with the breed: Woodbury, good on a saddle and parades, Bullrush, a very fast horse, and Sherman Morgan, an outstanding harness horse. All Justin’s foals had the father’s bravery and gentleness, endurance and speed and were physically identical to him, regardless of the mare’s characteristics. 

Like most work breeds, the transports revolution was responsible for the decline of the Morgans. In the beginning of the 20th century, the Morgan House Club was founded and their efforts to motivate the breeding of the Morgan have paid of. Today, the Morgan is a popular breed, present worldwide. 
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Variants [ edit ]

There are tow types of Morgan: the Park Morgan and the Pleasure Morgan. The first one was developed by his trot, ideal for harness racing, and the second has a less exuberant gait.
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Temperament [ edit ]

Morgans are gentle horses with an edge. As warmbloods, they have a cooler disposition, but sometimes are easily excitable.
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Description [ edit ]

The Morgan is an elegant horse. The head needs to be well balanced with expressive eyes and short ears. The body is compact and short with a short back, straight muscled legs. The mane and the tail are full and soft.
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Color [ edit ]

All simple colors are allowed: bay, chestnut, black and brown. White markings aren’t permitted above the knee. The face can have white marking characteristic of the solid coats.
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Uses [ edit ]

Very versatile, the Morgans were used as saddlers and as harness horses. They fought battles in the Civil War and at one point they were the official breed of the United States Army.

The Morgan was highly used as a plowing horse in farms. In harness, he is also a popular breed in races. They also enter in the Olympic competitions, especially in dressage.  
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Influences [ edit ]

The Morgan influenced several breeds, especially the American Saddlebred. The Standardbred, the Tennessee Walker and the American Quarter Horse have also Morgan’s blood.
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