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Poodle

 (other names: Barbone, Caniche, Pudelhund)

Poodle
origin:France or Germany
life expectancy:11-13 years
classification:Gun dog
height:0 to 39 cm
weight:3 to 32 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Easyin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Undemandingsize: Small
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History [ edit ]

The Poodle is an ancient breed of dog depicted in paintings of the 15th century. Though frequently referred to as the "French Poodle, its origin is quite controversial being claimed both by Germany and France. Somne experts defend that this breed was created in Germany, but it may have come from Iberia. It is a fact that the Pooddle is related to the Portuguese Water Dog and to the Irish Water Spaniel. Another current, suggests that the Poodle is descended from the Barbet, a French water dog now nearly extinct, and possibly from the Hungarian Water Hound.The English name derives from its ability in the water and comes from the German Pudel, or Pudelhund, meaning "to splash about". Whatever its origin may be the Poodle it has been regarded for years as the national dog of France where this breed is known as a Caniche, which derives from chien canard meaning “duck dog”.  The Poodle comes in three varieties which only differ in size: Standard, Miniature and Toy. These three sizes are considered one breed and judged by the same standard. The Poodle is a versatile breed and is trained for retrieving, watchdogging, competitive obedience and agility, and performing tricks. In France they do police work in drug detection. It also excels at sniffing out truffles.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Poodle is an elegant-appearing dog, well proportioned, with a square silhouette, moving soundly and carrying himself proudly, with an expression of distinction and dignity. The body is squarely built, with bone and muscle of both forelegs and hindlegs in proportion to size of the animal. The chest is deep and moderately wide with well sprung ribs. The topline is level and the loin is broad, short and muscular.The head, carried high, stands on a long, strong and well proportioned neck, slightly arched. The moderately rounded skull has a slight but distinct stop. The muzzle is long, straight and not pointed, with slight chiseling under the eyes. The oval eyes are black or brown, set up at level of stop, and far enough apart to give an alert and lively expression.The ears are long, flat, and wide. Thickly feathered and set at or slightly below eye level they hang close to the head. The tail is straight, docked and set on high and carried up. The coat is single and never sheds. It is naturally curly, often in small tight clumps of small curly ringlets, except on  the ears where the hair can be straight or slightly curly. Poodles come in three varieties: standard, miniature and toy, depending on the height at should blades; the standard is over 38 cm, the miniature ranges between 28 and 38 cm and the toy should not exceed 28cm. They also come in a range of colours that include black, white, apricot, cream, silver, blue and chocolate. The colours must be solid.
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Temperament [ edit ]

Poodles are a very intelligent and very active breed. Extremely loyal to their families they can become possessive if not properly trained. All three varieties (Standard, Miniature and Toy) are reasonably mellow dogs and make good companions.They get along well with other household pets and children, specially Standard Poodles. However, they are sensitive and nervous and less considerate children are not appropriate playmates for this breed. They also tend to be quite reserved with strangers, tend to bark a lot, and need early socialization. Poodles are adaptable and being intelligent as they are they easy to train but they can be willful if trained poorly. Being an agile and athletic breed , they appreciate lots of exercise and enjoy being part of the family activities. Otherwise they can become easily bored and be somewhat destructive. A vivacious breed that makes a reasonable guard, considering its size, and an excellent pet.
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Health [ edit ]

Poodles as with any purebred dog, are prone to some genetic diseases such as cataracts, entropion and progressive retinal atrophy. They are also predisposed to runny eyes and ear infections, diabetes, epilepsy, heart disease, trichiasis, and urolithiasis.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

All the three varieties of Poodles, have a fantastic swimming ability; the coat is adapted to water, and will cord if left to grow naturally.
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