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Shih-Tzu

An extrovert, resents severe punishment (other names: Chrysanthemum Dog)

Shih-Tzu
origin:China
life expectancy:12-14 years
classification:Gun dog
height:0 to 28 cm
weight:4 to 7 kg
exercise: Undemandingtraining: Reasonableclimate: Hotin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Mediumsize: Small
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History [ edit ]

The Shih Tzu is one of the smallest breeds of dog and belongs to the toy group. The breed was developped in China through a crossing between the Lhasa Apso (a Tibetan dog breed) and ancestors of the native Pekingese. The meaning of the breed name is "lion dog" because this variety of dog was bred to resemble a miniature lion. The exact date of origin of the Shih Tzu is uncertain. Some claim the existence of documents, paintings and other art objects showing a dog ressembling the Shih-Tzu back in 624 A.D. Others are of the opinion that these dogs were brought from Tibete into China in the 17th century. What is known for sure, through recent DNA analysis, is that the Shih-Tzu is one of the oldest breeds. It is also known that this dog was bred by the Chinese court they were highly favored by the royal family. Legend says that the Shih-Tzu was so profoundly honoured in China, that Chinese refused to sell, or give away, these little dogs years after they began trading with the West. Compact and solid with an arrogant carriage and a beautiful coat this breed has a host of admirers all over the world.
editing: History [ close ]
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Shih Tzu is a small, lively and alert dog, very similar to the Tibetan Lhasa Apso. Its carriage gives the impression of royal superiority. The Body is slightly longer than tall, sturdy and short-coupled, with no waist or tuck-up.The topline is level. The chest is deep and broad, not barrelled,  and the ribs are well sprungm, the  depth of ribcage extending to just below the elbow. The head, carried well up, is round, broad, wide between eyes, with a distinct stop. Short muzzle, with a profuse beard and a black nose (except in liver-colored dogs which have liver noses) which is surrounded by a moustache. Hair on the nose grows upwards. The warm and sweet eyes are large, round, not prominent and placed well apart. They are dark in colour on most dogs but lighter on liver and blue coloured dogs. The ears are pendant and so covered with hair that they blend into the body coat. The heavily plumed tail is set on high and is carried curled over the back. The Coat is double. A long, dense and flowing top coat lined with a woolly undercoat. Slight wave permissible. The Shih Tzu comes in a glorious variety of colours, all of them acceptable.
editing: General Appearance [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Shih Tzu is an extrovert, happy and  courageous little dog, calm and gentle but also playful at times. They can be trusted with considerate children, despite their sometimes arrogant character, but they may not take lightly rough playing and they resent severe punishment. This breed is generally good with other pets.A very alert watch dog, the Shih-Tzu is a barker, although it usually keeps quiet inside the house. They are also a bit obstinate, but they can respond well to firm and patient training especially to housebreak. The Shih-Tzu is very affectionate  and needs to be with people but it does not enjoy long tramps across the fields, preferring to stay indoors.
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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Health [ edit ]

The Shih Tzu tends to wheeze and snore and sometimes may be prone to ear, eye and respiratory problems as well as spinal disc disease caused by the long back and short legs.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

The Shih Tzu is often called "the chrysanthemum-faced dog" because of the way its hair grows in the face.
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