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American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo dog breed guide (other names: Eskie, Spitz)

origin:United States of America
date origin:1913
life expectancy:12 to 13 years
classification:Non-Sporting
climate: Coldin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs grooming
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History [ edit ]

This breed´s name can actually led us to error, because the American Eskimo Dog isn´t descendent from the working Eskimo´s usual breeds. It has a Nordic look and characteristics, but it is actually descendent from the German Spitz. The first dog register occurred in 1913 in the UKC, but the American Eskimo was only formally recognized by the AKC in 1995.

This breed´s family probably came to America with German immigrants. During the I World War, the name of this breed was changed due to the conflict with Germany. Instead of being called “German Spiz” it was named “American Eskimo”.

It is believed that his ascendants are, besides the German Spitz, the Finnish Spitz, the Pomeranian, the Keeshond and the Samoyed, although this one is still controversial.

This dog has spread out through the USA due to the popularity that achieved in circus in the mid of the nineteenth century. The first dog to walk a tight rope was an American Eskimo Dog.
 
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General appearance [ edit ]

The American Eskimo Dog is a strong and agile dog that irradiates beauty. It is a small to medium-size Nordic type dog, in a basic color: white or white with biscuit cream. The other color admitted is black but it should only appear in the lips, nose, and eye rims. There’s an exception for the eyes that can be medium or dark brown. According to the standard, amber or blue colored eyes and pink eye rims are not desirable

There are three varieties: the toy, (23 to 30 cm; 2,4 to 4,5 kg) the miniature (33 to 38 cm; 4,5 to 9 kg), and the standard (over 38 cm; 8 kg to 16 kg).

The American Eskimo Dog is double-coated: it has an undercoat with short hairs and a longer coat of guard hair growing through it to form the outer coat. The hair is straight with no curls or waves. The tail, of high-set, is carried loosely and it´s covered with long hair.

The body of the American Eskimo Dog is strong and compact, but not cobby with good legs and feet that allow him to trot with energetic action. 
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Temperament [ edit ]

The American Eskimo Dog is a companion dog that loves his family and wants to spend as much time possible with her. Because of their need to be loved, they are relatively easy to train, but respond very poorly to harsh treatment.
This breed makes good watchdogs that bark in alert and rarely bite.

The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent and never overly shy nor aggressive, though he can be reserved at times.

If well socialized, these dogs are good with kids and with other animals, especially of the same size. 
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Health [ edit ]

The American Eskimo Dog is a fairly healthy breed, and his worst enemy, health wise, is probably the fleas. One flea on an Eskie can result in a severe allergy. Like most of the breeds, these dogs are also prone to hip dysplasia, patella luxation, progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts and epilepsy. With a life expectancy of 12 to 13 years, records show that very healthy Eskie can live up to many more.

The thick coat is easy to groom, brush twice a week with firm bristle. The hair is not to be trimmed. The only exception is to neaten the feet and the backs of the rear pasterns.

Their skin is naturally dry so the bath should only occur one every two or three months.

The exercise needs of this breed vary according to the size of the dog. The standard variety needs a good amount of exercise, the miniature doens´t need as much as him, and for the toy a walk around the house is just enough. If not properly exercised, this breed can easily gain weight.
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