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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

A true toy spaniel (other names: Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel)

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
origin:Great Britain
life expectancy:9 - 11 years
classification:Gun Dog
height:30 to 33 cm
weight:5 to 8 kg
exercise: Mediumin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Mediumsize: Small
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History [ edit ]

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small charming breed that dates back to the early 1600´s. It is said that this breed is descended from the King Charles Spaniel and other small Toy Spaniels seen in many sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth century paintings by Titian, Van Dyck, Lely, Stubbs, Gainsborough, Reynolds, and Romney. During Tudor times, Toy Spaniels were quite common as ladies´ pets, but it was under the Stuarts that they were given the royal title of King Charles Spaniels. It is also said that the King Charles Spaniel was so named because a Blenheim-coated spaniel was the children´s pet in the household of Charles I. Over time, the toy spaniels were replaced in popularity by short-snouted, dome-headed dogs of asian descent, such as the Pug and Japanese Chin. The King Charles Spaniel was bred with these dogs, resulting in the similar-shaped head of today´s breed. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniels were classified as a separate breed by the middle 1900´s and were given the prefix Cavalier, to differentiate them from their forebears. Although primarily bred as a house pet for the royal families of Europe, the Cavalier has strong sporting roots reason why they will chase anything that moves with total disregard for their well being. The King Charles Spaniel is a beautiful, gentle animal and easy to train in all other respects. But they are not kennel dogs. Because of four hundred years of close contact with their owners and their development as lap dogs, they need human company and do not do well when left alone for long periods.

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General Appearance [ edit ]

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a true toy spaniel.This beautiful small spaniel is an active, graceful, well-balanced dog, very gay and free in action. The Body is short with well sprung with ribs but not barrelled. The chest is moderately deep, leaving ample heart room. Back level, leading into strong, muscular hind quarters. Slightly less body at the flank than at the last rib, but with no tucked-up appearanceThe good-looking head has a flat skull without a dome or peak, and conical Muzzle that is well tapered and well filled out beneath the eyes. The nose, with a shallow stop, is well developed and has wide nostrils. The long Ears are set high, but not close, on top of the head, with abundant feathering and wide enough so that when the dog is alert, the ears fan slightly forward to frame the face. The dark round expressive Eyes are large but not prominent.The tail (sometimes docked to no less then three times its length) is set so as to be carried level with the back. Tail should be in constant, characteristic motion when dog is in action. The coat, long, silky and very soft to the touch, has slight wave but no curl. Feathering on the ears, legs and tail should be long, and the feathering on the feet is a feature of the breed. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has four recognized colors: Blenheim (rich chestnut on pearly white background), Tricolor (black and white with tan markings), Black and Tan (black with tan markings), and Ruby (rich reddish-brown all over).
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an eager, affectionate tail-wagger. Fearless and sporting in character, yet at the same time gentle, well behaved and affectionate, this breed is an excellent and trustworthy companion for the elderly as well as the young family although they do best with older, considerate, children and can be reserved with strangers. In fact they love people and need lots of companionship to be happy. Cavaliers are also good with other breeds of dogs and other household pets. They are intelligent enough to understand what you want and are eager to please.  Therefore they are usually easy to train and respond well to gentle obedience training, doing well in competitive obedience. Due to their chasing instinct they should be kept well enclosed or leashed.
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Health [ edit ]

This is a basically healthy, sturdy small dog with few, but important health concerns such as mitral valve disease, causing progressively worsening heart murmurs leading to heart failure; syringomyelia is a condition affecting the brain and spine, causing symptoms ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain and partial paralysis. forelimbs. Clumsiness and falling results from this problem; keratoconjunctivitis sicca, colloquially known as "dry eye". The usual cause of this condition is an autoimmune reaction against the dog´s tear ducts, reducing the production of tears. They,are also occasionally subject to a genetic defect of the femur called luxating patella.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

The Cavalier was featured on the hit HBO series, "Sex and the City", as Charlotte York´s dog. King Charles II went so far as to issue a decree that the King Charles Spaniel could not be forbidden entrance to any public place, including the Houses of Parliament.
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