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Dalmatian

An happy-go-lucky dog, very good with children (other names: Dalmatinac)

Dalmatian
origin:Croatia
life expectancy:12 years
classification:Gun dog
height:50 to 60 cm
weight:25 to 27 kg
exercise: Demandingtraining: Easyclimate: Hotfeeding: Mediumsize: Large
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History [ edit ]

The Dalmatian is an ancient breed which origins are very controversial. Some experts claim that it originated in India and were later brought into Greece by Indian traders. There are traces of “spotted” dogs in Asia, Africa and Europe, that go back to many centuries ago. Egyptian bas-reliefs and Hellenic friezes, Italian frescos of the 14th century and documents of the 16th century leave no doubt as to the ancient ancestry of this breed. However, undisputed records of the existence of this dog in Dalmatia (Croacia) in the 18th century have determined the name of the breed. Originallly a working breed, the Dalmatian was a multi-purpose dog: pack hunter, retriever, vermin hunter, hound, shepherd and guard dog. In the 1800´s the Dalmatian became very popular as a carriage dog. They trotted beside or among the horses, unshaken by the flashing hooves and guarded the carriages and horses in the absence of their masters. Curiously they still keep this basic instinct, even as youngsters, and will trot undaunted beside a horse once they are introduced to them.  More recently the Dalmatian also became a fire-apparatus follower, a firehouse mascot and a circus performer. Today, the handsome Dalmation serves primarily as a companion and is most popular among children.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Dalmatian has a unique appearance with markings that are peculiarly its own. It is known for its elegance and stamina. A medium-sized, symmetrical, well-muscled dog, with superior endurance, the Dalmation is poised and alert , moving steadily and effortless.The body, with a smooth topline, is lean with clean lines similar to those of the pointer, to which it may be related. The chest is deep and of moderate width, giving the animal good lung capacity The ribs well-sprung, the underline of the rib cage curving gradually into a moderate tuck-up. The back is moderately long, level and strong and the loin is short, muscular and slightly arched. The head is in balance with the body, is free of loose skin and stands on a long, delicately arched neck. The top of the skull is flat and the stop is moderately well defined. The muzzle is powerfull with a nose that can be either black, liver, blue or dark gray and is entirely pigmented on the leather brown in liver-spotted dogs and black in black-spotted dogs.The eyes, set moderately well apart, are medium sized and dark brown, amber, or blue, with an intelligent, alert, expression. The ears are of moderate size, soft, narrowing toward the tip, set fairly high and carried close to the head with a slight upward curve. The tail, strong at root, tapers to the tip and is carried with a slight upward curve but never curling over the back.The close fitting coat is short, dense, sleek and glossy. The ground color is white with round, well-defined spots in black. Liver and lemon spots also exist, but they are less common. Spots are usually smaller on the head, on the legs and on the tail than on the body.
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Dalmatian is an extremelly intelligent, well-mannered, stable and happy-go-lucky, yet dignified dog, neither shy nor vicious. This breed is quite affectionate and energetic and when left alone for long periods of time, without exercise, it may become depressed or destructive. They love running, and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. Dalmations are very loyal to their families but they have an excellent memory and will remember for ever any unfair treatment they might have been subject to. They are tractable towards strangers but they know who their masters are. Some males can be aggressive towards other male dogs. They are playful and very good with children but may be too rambunctious for the youngsters. Dalmatians are easy to train and can become good watchdogs, but training should be gentle and patient, though firm. They are cheerful companions for families who live active lifes.
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Health [ edit ]

Dalmatians are generally a healthy breed but are prone to deafness and kidney stones. Like humans, apes, and guinea pigs, they lack an enzyme called uricase, which breaks down uric acid, and should not be fed organ meats. Occasionally they may also suffer from skin allergies.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

Dalmatian puppies are born completely white and the spots appear at about two weeks of age. At birth, the pigment is only in the skin.
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