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German Spitz

Buoyant and excellent jumpers  (other names: Deutscher Spitz)

German Spitz
origin:Germany
date origin:16th century
life expectancy:12 to 15 years
classification:Non sporting
height:22 to 48 cm
weight:3 to 30 kg
exercise: Mediumclimate: Coldin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Undemanding
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History [ edit ]

The German Spitz is descended from the Nordic breeds, such as Samoyedo and the Lapphund. They arrived in Europe, trough Germany, by the Vikings´ hands and the first record of this breed can be traced to the 15th century. Since Germany was only unified in 1871, the several regions developed their own type of Spitz and now there´s three ramifications of this breed that vary only in size.

The bigger one, the Mittle German Spitz, was used as a working dog in the farms, however the other two, Gross and Klein, have been always companion dogs.

The German Spitz was later introduced in the United States of America, where he became known as the American Eskimo Dog. With many similarities, this dog eventually developed to a distinctive breed. 
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Temperament [ edit ]

The German Spitz is an elegant dog, heavily coated, with highset, small and erect, triangular ears. Their face resembles a fox and their tail is curled over the back. They have long and thick hair that it´s shorter on the head.

There are three varieties of the German Spitz:
- the Gross, or giant, whose height is between 40,5 and 41,5 cm and weight from 17,5 and 18,5 Kg; It can only be black, white or brown.
- the Mittle, or standard, with a height of 30 to 38 cm and weight between 10,5 and 11,5 kg;
- the Klein, or Toy, whose height varies from  23 to 29 cm and weight is between 8 to 10 kg. This one is often confused with the Pomeranian - since their closely related and similar in appearance - to whom it has been loosing popularity.

The two smaller versions can be of any color. 
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General appearance [ edit ]

The German Spitz is known to be cheerful, intelligent and friendly. He loves his family and demands a lot of love from them as well.

They are active dogs, not easily trained, but well for the role of watchdogs, since they tend to bark a lot.

The German Spitz doens´t get along with strangers, but it´s aggressiveness is low, even to other animals, to which he just barks nonstop. Not suited to young children.  
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Health [ edit ]

The German Spitz is a very healthy breed living up to 15 years. However, as most of the small breeds, Patellar Luxation, is a concern, especially if they are overweight.

The coat needs to be brushed frequently to avoid matting, but never trimmed. Surprisingly, they are little shedders. 
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