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Goldfinch

 (other names: Chardonneret élégant, Stieglitz, Pintassilgo)

Goldfinch
life expectancy:15 years
scientific name:Carduelis carduelis
distribution:Europe, Northern Africa and Western Asia
family:Fringillidae
dimensions:12 to 13 cm
compatibility: agressivesinging ability: excellentloudiness: very loud
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History [ edit ]

Goldfinches are songbirds and, as the name indicates, part of the finch group. Its scientific name, Carduelis carduelis, reflects his gastronomical taste for thistle, since Carduus means thistle in Latin.

Goldfinches are very migratory birds, that breed in the northern part of his territory and fly South in flocks of hundreds individuals when winter approaches. A flock of Goldfinches is often called a charm. Their natural habitat ranges from Azores, to Western Asia, including the Northern part of Africa. They have been introduced in Australia, in the city areas, but they are spreading to more rural areas. Within their natural territory, they can be found in grasslands, woodlands and outskirts of human settlements, being quite common in parks or city gardens. They are considered a pest in some orchards.

These birds are now considered common in the wild, since they were able to recover from the massive entrapment for trading that occurred in the 19th century.
editing: History [ close ]
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General Appearance [ edit ]

Red, black and white is the bright combinations of the Goldfinch plumage that attracts many bird lovers. This colorful finch has a red face with white surrounding it and a black crown and shoulders. The back is deep brown and the belly and rump are white. The black wings have bright yellow bars in them.

There are many mutations – like yellow, pearl, albino, isabel, among others – but they aren´t has popular as the original plumage. 

Both male and female have very similar coloring, but males have more red on the face, that usually continues a little bit more beyond the eye.

Young birds are of a brownish plumage, but already have black tipped wing with yellow markings. 
editing: General Appearance [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

Goldfinches are very social birds that can be more aggressive during breeding season. They are protective of their nest (and not much territory around it), which they mark by singing and displaying aerial maneuvers.

Both male and female sing, which is unusual in songbirds. However, the cock has a high-pitched song, more melodious than the hen, which he sings all year round, but especially during breeding season.  
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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Diet [ edit ]

This specie eats seed and insects in the wild. They are keen on teasel and thistle, from which they extract seeds, like no other bird, with their conical bills.

You should incorporate these seeds in the Goldfinch’s diet. Green food (like dandelion, groundsel and lettuce), insects and larvae and canary seed mix makes up the list of things to feed them with.
editing: Diet [ close ]
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Housing [ edit ]

Goldfinches were once very popular pets kept by their singing, as well as by his foot abilities on handling food. They were often kept in cages, but this is no longer advisable. These birds need large flights or aviaries to be happy. Planted aviaries are preferable and they usually breed when housed in pairs in them.

They are social birds, especially in non breeding season, and are frequently housed with other canaries. There are some breeders that cross these species. They get along better with their own specie and during breeding season is better to house them in pairs. 
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