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Newfoundland

Intelligent, generous and courageous (other names: Newf, Newfie)

Newfoundland
origin:Canada
life expectancy:9 - 11 years
classification:Mastiff
height:63 to 74 cm
weight:45 to 68 kg
exercise: Demandingtraining: Reasonableclimate: Coldin/out: Outdoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Demandingsize: Giant
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History [ edit ]

The Newfoundland, also know as Newfie, is a giant breed of dog generally considered one of the friendliest breeds. It was developped in Newfoundland (Canada) and there are various theories about its origin. One of these theories affirms that the Newfoundland resulted from an interbred among Viking dogs and indigenous dogs belonging to nomadic Indian tribes. Another conjucture claims that it the breed stemmed from crosses between Tibetan Massifs brought into Newfoundland by European fisherman and native dogs. Still others believe that it descended from the Labrador Retriever given, on one hand, the similarities between the two breeds and on the other hand the proximity of the Labrador´s birthplace to that of the Newfoundland. There are also those that defend that the Newfoundland is a mix between Great Pyrenees brought into the coast of Newfoundland by Basque fishermen and local dogs. The Newfoundland is a fantatisc swimmer and possesses natural water rescue instincts. Originally, it was used by fisherman as a working dog to pull fishnets and heavy equipment and rescue persons that fell overboard and shipwrecked and drowning victims.  Today, while keeping all of its rescuing instincts the Newfoundland is bred most as a show dog and a companion.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Newfoundland is a large, hardy, massive and strong dog, yet elegant, harmonious and agile, with a proud carriage that conveys an impression of dignity. The males have a more massive appearance than the bitches. It is multipurpose dog, at home on land and in water. The body is heavily boned, muscular and well-proportioned, slightly longer than tall. The chest is is full and deep, providing plenty of lung space, and the ribs are well sprung. The back is strong, broad, and muscular and the topline is level. The feet are large, with broadly webbed toes for better swimming. The head is broad and massive, standing on a strong neck, which is well set on the shoulders. The skull is broad with slightly arched crown and is separated from the muzzle by a  moderate stop that may look abrupt in profile because of the well developped brow. The muzzle is clean-cut, rather short and squared-off and the nose is generally black except on brown dogs, which have brown noses. The small eyes are dark brown, rather deep-set, and wide apart, with an expression of intelligence, dignity and benign relaxation.The relatively small, round-tipped, triangular ears are pendant, reaching to the inner corner of the eye when brought forward.The tail is broad at the base and strong, covered with long dense hair, and hangs down. The double water-resistant coat has a moderately long, coarse, oily outer coat either straight or slightly wavy. The undercoat is soft and dense and also oily. Dogs that live indoors tend to loose their undercoats. Hair on the face and muzzle is short and fine. Newfies come in black, brown and white with black markings (this latter is called Landseer, after the artist Sir Edwin Landseer, who depicted them in some of his paintings).
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Newfoundland is an extremely, intelligent, generous, corageous, sweet-dispositioned dog that acts neither dull nor ill-tempered. A breed very devoted to its family, loyal and trustworthy, friendly towards the guests. They are so devoted to their families that they may not adapt to a new home if separated from their original household. Because of its bonhomie, the Newfoundland is not an outstanding guard dog, but it is protective, specially with children, and can recognize a menacing situation. In face of a non-friendly stranger, instead of attacking or barking it tends to place itself between the intruder and the person it wants to protect. The breed is easily trained as they are eager to please their masters. However, Newfies are very sensitive to the voice´s tone and, therefore, training must not be harsh but conducted in a calm and balanced manner. Very sociable, patient, playful, they will get along well with other dogs or any other animal. Their sweetness of temperament makes them an outstanding playmate for the children, even for the smaller ones once their huge body tends to move rather slowly. Newfoundlands are very good at weight pulling, carting, backpacking, competitive obedienceand water trials. The only drawback is that Newfies have kept their natural lifesaving abilities and may want to forcibly rescue their owners from water if they go swimming together. They are indeed remarkable fellows, devoted companions, but because of their size and their love for aquatic exercises they will not be happy in some living environments.
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Health [ edit ]

Newfoundlands are may suffer from hip dysplasia and hereditary heart disease called sub-aortic stenosis (SAS).
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

Newfies should not be let unsurpervised close to swimmers for they will try to “rescue” them, even against their wish. 
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Comments (1)add comment
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12.10
Dogfan22 said:
i like this breed of dog :)
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