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Pomeranian

Always alert... (other names: Loulou, Pom, Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Toy German Spitz)

Pomeranian
origin:Germany
date origin:16th century
life expectancy:15 years
classification:Toy
height:28 to 28 cm
weight:2 to 3 kg
exercise: Undemandingclimate: Coldin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Undemandingsize: Very Small
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History [ edit ]

It doesn’t get any smaller than a Pomeranian. These dogs are the smallest of today’s dogs. They were part of the Spitz family, a ancient bred brought to Europe by the Vikings in the Middle Age. They developed in Pomerânia, a region that is now part of Germany’s and Poland’s territory.

The Pomeranian was always a small-sized companion breed, closely related to the German Spitzs. But it was with it´s introduction in England that the breed gained popularity and lost many centimeters. 

The German wife of the British monarch King George III, Queen Charlotte, was the responsible for introducing the breed in England, in 1767. But it was her granddaughter, Queen Victoria that would popularize this breed. It was during her vacations in Florence, Italy, that she fell in love with a Pomeranian named Marco. As the popularity of the monarch grew along the years, so did the search for this dog amongst the British.

However, if we want to be exact, we can´t talk about Pomeranian as a bred before the 19th century. Even the Queen´s Pomeranian weighted around six kilograms. It would be from this point on, with the monarchy tastes turning to smaller dogs that the Pomeranian would be bred down until the point of being the smallest breed existing. 
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Poms are alert, extroverted and confident. Despite their size, they still seem themselves as they once were – a bigger dog always up to the challenge of facing other breeds. 

They are very loyal towards their family and are good watch dogs, since they tend to bark a lot. Pomeranians get along well with other animals, if well socialized, but are a little wary of strangers and tend to bark a lot as a warning. They´re not suited for young children since they don´t like the abuse and the constant attention.

They are active, but a daily walk for this tiny dog is sufficient exercise. They live well in an apartment and don’t need a yard. They seem to be always busy doing something around the house and they are actually one of the most independent toy dogs.

Like the German Spitz, this breed is not easy to train, although he isn´t as stubborn as the first ones.

They don´t eat much but love treats. Don´t let his cute look win, be insistent about the dry diet. 
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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General appearance [ edit ]

The Pomeranian is a compact, short-backed, tiny and fluffy dog, but don´t be mistaken since he is quite active. With the smallest proportions in any breed, this dog only weights 1,8 to 2 Kg, and his height doesn’t go over 28 cm.

They have a double coat that can be of any color. The hair is longer around the neck, giving the impression of a lion´s dame. Alike the German Spitzs, the Pomerian has high set ears and a long tail that lies on top of the back. Some do maintain the foxy face of Spitz, but others have more of a dolly look.  
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Health [ edit ]

The dogs from the German Spitz family are very healthy, and Pomeranians aren’t the exception. In average, they live up to 15 years but very well treated animals have reportedly lived 20 years. However, like the most small-sized breeds, luxating patella is a concern.

Special attention must be paid to the teeth. They tend to loose them at a relatively yearly age, and they must be cleaned. Dry food is recommended.

The coat is probably what demands the most attention from the owner of this small pet. The long hair needs to be frequently brushed. The Pomeranian is a constant shedder.  
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Dog Trivia [ edit ]

It´s told, with no proof to sustain it, that Josephine, Wife of Napoleon, Empress of France, Emile Zola, French writer, and Mozart, composer, all owned Pomeranians.
 
Queen Victoria, British monarch, had so many Pomeranian dogs that it was created a special category for them at dog shows. This was also a harmless way of letting the Queen always win! 
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