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Ring-neck Parakeets

 (other names: Rose-ringed Parakeet)

Ring-neck Parakeets
life expectancy:20 years
scientific name:Psittacula Krameri krameri
family:Psittacidae
dimensions:40 to 43 cm
singing ability: goodloudiness: loud
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History [ edit ]

The ring-necks are part of the Psittacula genus. This is the most widespread group of birds in the wild, found in Africa, Southern Asia, including some Islands of the Indian Ocean.

The ring-necks are becoming increasingly popular to the point of almost being able to compete with budgies as the most kept pet bird. Ring-necks birds are parrots with long tails that live in small flocks in the wild. They seem to pick a region for living and then they move from area to area within that region to forester.

These birds have a long history. Native Indian ring-necks were cherished by the Greeks, while the Romans favored the African ones, which were put in cages made of silver and had personal slaves to look after them. 
editing: History [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

These small birds are noisy but very sociable. They aren´t shy, they are easy to tame and to hand feed. This is why they are so popular among new and expert breeders.

They like to chew so give them toys appropriate for that. Some ring-necks don´t like to bathe and if so the bath shouldn´t be imposed daily, rather than every two days or even weekly. However water is extremely important to keep the feathers in good condition.

They need a lot of attention, being flock birds they may become unfriendly and distant if not properly nurtured.

They have a tendency to “scream”, especially if teased. They have loud voices and may learn to “speak” with clarity. Better talkers than cockatiels, ring-necks aren’t however as good as larger parrots. The speaking ability depends in each specimen but in general they can usually start to mimic words after the first year of age. 
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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Housing [ edit ]

These birds need space to fly. They are very active birds and it is recommended to keep them in aviaries. However they will do well in a cage as long as they don´t spend too much time in it and use it essentially for resting purposes. Aviaries with 2 x 1 x 2 m are good enough for this breed.

These birds are hardy once acclimatized but they need heating, especially in cooler winters, since they are susceptible to frostbite.

Toys and perches should always be available. They are very intelligent and toys should appeal to their curious side as well to their need to chew. Perches shouldn´t be put too low because of their long tails. If the bird’s tail reaches the floor when standing on the perch the tail feather may break. 
editing: Housing [ close ]
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Diet [ edit ]

A good diet should have canary seed, white millet, safflower seeds, and fruits, like apple, banana and figs, vegetables, greenfood and eggfood. 
editing: Diet [ close ]
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General appearance [ edit ]

Generally green with a red bill in the wild, although Ring-necks have various colour mutations, some of which with few green in it. Males have a coloured stripe that appears at two or three years after birth and that allows to identify the bird's sex. These elegant birds have 38 to 40 cm and their long tail that can have almost half of the body length. Young birds resemble hens and may have shorter tails.

There are four subspecies and countless mutations of ring-necks. Two types are native from Africa (Psittacula Krameri krameri and P. K. parvirostris) and can be identified by their smaller size and iridescent colours, and the other two from Asia (Psittacula Krameri manillensis and P. K. borealis) with more varied mutation colours and larger size. 
editing: General appearance [ close ]
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Species [ edit ]

  • Indian Ring-neck Parakeet (Psittacula Krameri manillensis) – The most popular among Ring-necks, this bird is as the name stated originally from India, more specifically, from the southern area. The Indian Ring-neck is generally darker green, with this vivid color on the head. It measures around 42 cm.
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet or African Ring-neck Parakeet (Psittacula Krameri krameri) – Also quite popular, sometimes it is mistaken with the Indian type, however the African one is smaller, 40 cm, and has paler shades of green in the face. In comparison with the Indian ring-neck the African type has a shorter body and longer tail. The bill isn’t as bright red as the other variety. In the wild it can be found is the west part of Africa.
  • Neumann's Ring-necked Parakeet (Psittacula Krameri borealis) – This Asian parrot is mostly green with shades of grey in the chest and underpants which allows us to set this type apart. The blue on the nape is also paler and more restricted. In the wild it can be found in Northern India and Nepal. The Neumann's Ring-neck is actually the larger of this specie with 43 cm.
  • Abyssinian Parakeet (Psittacula Krameri parvirostris) – From the west part of Africa, this ring-neck has a black tip bill. The Abyssinian has 40 cm of green plumage with some paler shades on the face and some grey marking in the chest. 
editing: Species [ close ]
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Mutations of the Indian type [ edit ]

The mutations are countless. Some of the most appreciated are:

  • Blue – Before Ring-necks were even known in Europe, the Indian upper-class already favored this mutation. It is know very common. The overall color is blue and the collar is white.
  • Lutino – This yellow variety was once considered rare, but it´s growing popularity and consequently increasing breeding has made him relatively available.
  • Cinnamon – A brownish tan replaces all dark markings. The green is replaced by a lime yellow shade leaving space for the brown in the wings and tail.
  • Grey – With shades of gray, silver and black.
  • Albino – All white and red eyes. Sexing is only possible trough DNA testing, since males have no collar.
  • Dark factor – The green is darker than the one found in the wild.
  • Pied – One of the most recent mutations of this specie. It can be combined in any color, since it´s the pattern of markings throughout the body that identifies this mutation. Males don’t have a collar, which requires DNA testing to identify the birds´ gender. 
editing: Mutations of the Indian type [ close ]
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