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Rough Collie

Beautiful, sweet and loveable guardian (other names: Scottish Collie)

Rough Collie
origin:Great Britain
life expectancy:12-13 years
classification:Herding
height:56 to 66 cm
weight:23 to 34 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Easyclimate: Coldgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Mediumsize: Large
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History [ edit ]

The Rough Collie belongs to the three Collie breeds, (the Collie, that includes both Rough Collie and Smooth Collie varieties, the Bearded Collie and the Border Collie) but is, by far, the most popular of all, not only because of its elegant good looks, but specially because it starred the “Lassie” films in the 1940´s. Native from the highlands of Scotland, where the sheepdogs had been used for centuries by shepherds, the modern Rough Collie was mostly developed in England in the late 1800s. The origin of the Collie, including its name, is quite controversial. One theory claims that the sheepdogs were brought into Britain by the Romans during the invasion of the Islands. An interbred with native dogs would be the ancestors of the modern Rough and Smooth Collies. As to the origin of the name, that has been spelled in many different ways (Coll, Colley, Coally and Coaly), there are two main theories: the name has derived from a) the Scottish black-faced sheep called Colley or b) the ancestors were black and the name derived from the Anglo-Saxon old word for black “Coll”. The Collies were bred more for their working ability as sheepdogs than for their looks but thanks to their great beauty they are today a favorite show dog and a wonderful family companion. Smooth Collies have also become successful water rescue dogs, service dogs, guide dogs and therapy dogs.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Rough Collie is a beautiful, extremelly well-balanced, long-coated dog, active and agile, strong and responsive. The trim, but muscular, firm and hard body is slightly longer than it is tall. The chest is strong and fairly wide, extending to the elbows. The ribs are well-rounded behind the well-sloped shoulders. The back is strong and level, and the loin is powerful and slightly arched. The lean, blunted, wedge-shaped head, smooth and clean in outline and nicely balanced in proportion, gives an impression of lightness. The top of the head is flat and the stop is only slightly perceptible. The long, smooth, well-rounded, blunt muzzle tapers gradually and smoothly from the ears to the end of the black nose. The almond-shaped, slightly oblique eyes are of medium size and dark except in the case of blue merles that may have blue or merle eyes. The expression is one of high intelligence and inquisitiveness. The ears are in proportion to the size of the head and are carried three-quarters erect with the tips folding forward when the dog is alert. The tail is moderately long and the tailbone hangs down to the dog´s hocks. It is carried low when the dog is quiet or gaily, but not over the back, when the dog is alert or excited. The abundant well-fitting and proper-textured double coat forms a mane around the neck and chest, the hair on the head and legs being short and smooth. The outer coat is straight and harsh and the undercoat is soft and furry. Rough Collies come in sable and white (predominantly sable), tri-color (predominantly black), blue merle (a marbled color predominantly blue-grey) and white.
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Temperament [ edit ]

Rough Collies are sweet, loveable and highly intelligent. Once fast-moving dogs, they they are still energetic outdoors but some tend to be a little indolent. They are loyal and very devoted to and protective of their families and get along well with other dogs and household pets. They are not aggressive, but they do tend to be wary of people they do not like and are good watchdogs. Generally they are good-natured, friendly, playful and gentle and make excellent playmates for the children although some puppies display herding behaviour, nipping at people´s heels. They are easy to train, including housebreak, but as it happens with other dogs that are bred to work independently, Rough Collies can be self-willed and do not respond well to harsh training. When trained gently and properly, they are wonderful companions.
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Health [ edit ]

Rough Collies are generally healthy but some bloodlines can be prone to PRA, eye defects and hip problems leading to acute lameness and arthritis. Also the tip of the nose is prone to sunburn.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

The Blue merle Collies were originally known as "tortoise shell" because to their marbled color.
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