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Samoyed

An happy-go-lucky breed (other names: Bjelkier, Samoiedskaпa Sobaka, Samoyedskaya, Smiling Sammy)

Samoyed
origin:Russia
life expectancy:12 years
classification:Working dog
height:48 to 60 cm
weight:16 to 30 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Difficultclimate: Coldgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Mediumsize: Medium
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History [ edit ]

The Samoyed, also known as Bjelkier, is a very ancient dog breed  that was named after the nomadic Siberian tribe of Samoyeds, who this breed accompanied during their travels  through the Northern Asian, pulling their sleds, warming them at night  and serving also as guardian of reindeer herds and hunter. In those icy lands they worked under conditions of utmost hardship. The history of this breed is an enigma. It is said that these dogs are native of the plateau of Iran and that they follow the tribes that were pushed northward into Siberia, were they were bred true for centuries. In fact, amongst all modern breeds the Samoyed is the one that is most nearly akin to the primitive dog, showing no traces of wolf or fox blood. In the last quarter of the 19h century, several of these dogs were brought into Great Britain by the explorer Robert Scott, where the breed was developped. Today Samoyeds have a good number of enthusiastic followers throughout the world and are now one of the most fashionable show breeds. An interesting characteristic of the breed is that these dogs are very good at grooming themselves and have virtually no smell or "doggy odor" about them, making them especially well suited to living indoors.
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Samoyed is a strong, robust, alert and dynamic, white dog, that combines beauty with agility, dignity and grace. The males have a distinctive masculine appearance without being coarse, while bitches look definitely feminine.The compact, muscular body is not long and has a deep chest, not  barrelled, and well-sprung ribs, giving plenty of room for heart and lungs and allowing proper movement of the shoulders and freedom for the front legs. The back is straight to the loin, medium in length and very muscular. The loins are strong and slightly arched. The legs are solid and muscular and the feet are flat and hairy to prevent the ice from packing into the spaces between the pads. The powerful, wedge-shaped head, carried with dignity on a strong, well muscled neck, has a broad, slightly crowned skull. The stop is well defined, though not too abrupt. The medium length muzzle tapers toward the nose, that is generally black or brown. The deep set, almond-shaped eyes are dark and have a gleaming, animated expression, which, combined with the mobile ears and the slightly upturned lips, give the breed what is known as the “Samoyed expression”.The ears are medium-sized, set wide apart, thick and well-furred, triangular in shape, rounded at the point and carried erect. The tail, one of the Samoyeds more distinguishing features, is long, full-haired and carried rolled on the back. In cold weather, this breed may sleep with their tails over their noses to provide additional warmth.The double coat is heavy and weather-resistant. The top coat is long, thick, harsh and not wavy and the undercoat is dense, short and soft, to give protection against extreme cold weather. The coat sheds twice a year. Samoyeds come pure white, white and biscuit, cream, or all biscuit.
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Temperament [ edit ]

Samoyeds are gentle, active and adaptable dogs, never distrustful nor shy. Peaceable and dignified, they are very loyal towards their families and although they tend to be a “one-man´s dog” they are an happy-go-lucky breed, too friendly with everybody, including strangers. They may signal the presence of strangers by barking noisily but as they will also bark when they are amusing themselves they do not make good watchdogs. Samoyeds are highly intelligent but tend to be stubborn and resist obedience training, which should be started from puppywood. Generally they are good with other dogs but they must be socialized with other small non-canine pets. They are not quarrelsome but they will face other dogs if provoked. They are very playfull and get along well with children. They love human company and may become destructive if left alone for long periods of time. Everything considered Samoyeds have a delightful personality and make engaging companions even to people who live alone.
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Health [ edit ]

Samoyeds may suffer from skin allergies are particularly prone to hip dysplasia. Some may also suffer from diabetes, cataracts and glaucoma.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

The Samoyed is also know as the Smilling Samy or Smiling Dog an expression that results from its bright, lively eyes and upturned lips.
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